Autism: Outside the ‘disorder’ box

My favorite course in college, back in the late-80s, was LOGIC!

If A = B and B= C, then A = C 

Yes! Of course! Indeed! Bravo! Finally something that makes sense in my world!

I used a similar line of logic below . . .

Autism = a developmental disorder

Autism = Disorder

A = D

Disorder: an abnormal physical or mental condition

Disorder = Abnormal

D = Ab  

If A=D and D=Ab, then A=Ab

Autism = Abnormal

A = Ab

Abnormal: unusual in an unwelcomed or problematic way

Autism = unusual in an unwelcomed or problematic way

Me = Autism

Me = unusual in an unwelcomed or problematic way

My friends and son = Autism

My friends and son = unusual in an unwelcomed or problematic way

 

Abnormal psychology theorizes people are “abnormal” or “atypical” when compared to the members of a given society.  By nature, the definition of the word abnormal poses a complex paradox (source)

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What is normal? Whose norm?

Social norms are defined by the collective. A person’s trait, thinking, or behavior is classified as abnormal if it is rare or statistically unusual. Disorders and abnormalities are a result of comparing the minority to the majority of the citizens in a given society or culture. Norms denote what individuals should or should not do in various social situations. Norms are supported by shared expectations. In other words how the majority believes others ought act and respond. source 

But who was elected to decide what is rare behavior? And how do the deciders decide?

The determining point of where to draw the line in the sand of “abnormal” classification is arbitrary.

No surprise that most definitions of psychological abnormality are devised by white, middle class men.

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(Tangent: Could explain why women and ethnic minorities are more often than not still treated as hysterical or mentally unstable or violent, and referred to mental health agents or the police, in emergency rooms, when a physical ailment isn’t readily detectable.)

There is a profound impact of culture on disorders. Take for example the following:

Anxiety disorders are some of the most prevalent mental disorders. These disorders are strongly influenced by ethnic, racial, and cultural factors, in part because of culturally dependent variations in the beliefs about the underlying physiology of the illness syndromes and the social context and norms a person is exposed to. . . Although the DSM-5 addresses some of these issues, considerably more research is necessary to understand when and how culture impacts disorders. (source)

Disorders are sometimes diagnosed when an individual is unable to cope with the demands of everyday life. But do you ever ask yourself why they (or we or you) are unable to cope? Environmental pollutants, food intolerance, toxins, toxic people, trauma, abuse, isolation, poverty, loneliness, lack of support, relatives no longer living in close proximity, breakdown of family system and communities, hostile debate and feuding, bombardment of negative news, bullying, no job prospects, little opportunities for quality education, no grocery stores with real food nearby, lack of transportation, poor role models, government and big business lies. . . cross my mind.

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When does the causation come before the abnormality? When is the causation, the abnormal behavior of a society as a whole, the real problem; one that need be remedied?

Being unable to cope, as a result of being hyper-aware to the hypocrisy and injustice in the world, isn’t an abnormality: it’s sanity. The world can be a cruel place, void of compassion and love, and full of materialism and feuds. Many autistics have been subjected to cruelty. Perhaps distress is set aflame when one peers behind the curtain and beholds a truth that is too scary to take in fully.

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And what if the collective of autistics has their own social norms? Does that make autistics normal, but only with their own people?

Which brings me to new empirical evidence ‘Evidence that indicates ‘autistic people’s social behaviour includes effective communication and effective social interaction, in direct contradiction of the diagnostic criteria for autism . . . There is a form of social intelligence that is specific to autistic people . . .’ (I encourage you to check out the research.)

‘Autistics don’t have disorders of communication and social interactions amongst their own people, but more so amongst non-autistics.’

Perhaps non-autistics have a type of ‘mind blindness’ to the way autistics think, feel, and communicate. Yes, we process the world differently and present differently, but just because we are a minority and have challenges doesn’t make us anymore abnormal than the next human being.

In the pages that explore the complex life of gifted individuals, Living with Intensity, psychiatrist, psychologist, physician Dabrowski’s shines a different outlook on developmental psychiatry. An outlook worth considering. [Dąbrowski was a personal friend and correspondent of Maslow’s.]

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Perhaps we need revaluate society’s current scale of normal. Especially considering 1 in 5 CEOs is feasibly a psychopath.

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What if autistics are (the proverbial canaries in the coal mine) reacting to the suffocating harshness and injustice and hypocrisy of the mainstream collective?

Maybe there is too much lack of transparency, too much lying, too much game playing, too much hidden motives, too much ego. What if the abnormal behavior IS the collective and the minority outliers are reflective of a normal to strive toward (in full sprint)?

Perhaps the dreamers, artists, creatives, out-of-the-box thinkers, philosophers, logical little professors, and outcasts have the moral compass the world needs. Perhaps we just need the support of our own kind and to recognize we aren’t alone, that we’re not in the wrong, and that our suffering and outlook is understandable. Perhaps our sensory issues need be addressed by a softer, calmer world, and our executive functioning differences embraced, in hope we might find new answers and new approaches.

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Through a universal scope, when we stand back and heighten our focus, perhaps it is the ‘abnormal’ that have it right.

Video Compliance is not the goal: Letting go of control and rethinking support for autistic individuals. Laurent at TEDxURI 2019

About the author Marcelle Ciampi, M.Ed. (author’s name Samantha Craft)
Best known for the well-received blog and book Everyday Aspergers. Founder of Spectrum Suite LLC. Since 2012, I have corresponded with 10,000+ autistics. A former schoolteacher, I’ve been published in peer reviewed journals, been featured in autistic literature, and have completed several graduate-level courses in the field of counseling. Some of my works, especially The Ten Traits, have been translated into multiple languages. My list of traits for females on the autism spectrum has been shared in counseling offices around the world. Everyday Aspergers (Your Stories Matter, 2018) has received strong reviews, including praise from bestselling authors Steve Silberman of NeuroTribes and Ned Hayes of The Eagle Tree. I am a contributing author to Spectrum Women: Walking to the Beat of Autism (Jessica Kingsley Publishers 2018). My latest manuscript focuses on best practices related to autism and the workplace. myspectrumsuite.com

My middle son and me, Washington, USA, 2019.

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